Following your welcome email, you’re assigned to your program coordination team, which consists of a program manager and a program coordinator. This team is in place to help guide you through each stage of your surrogacy. There are six stages of surrogacy:
Here is a brief overview laws pertaining to surrogacy in California.
California’s laws on surrogacy are some of the nation’s best when it comes to protecting the rights of intended parents, surrogates, and egg donors. California has always kept its laws on surrogacy up to date with scientific advances in assisted reproduction, providing all parties involved in surrogacy arrangements with legal, medical, and financial support. The state recognizes contracts between surrogates, intended parents, and gamete donors.
Surrogacy laws in California allow intended parents to establish parentage before a child is even born through surrogacy with the use of pre-birth orders. All paperwork and legal contracts are taken care of well before the surrogacy birth and surrogates won’t ever need to appear in court. Even in cases that might require post-birth legal action (e.g., second-parent or stepparent adoptions), a surrogate won’t need to be present in court.
Those pursuing surrogacy in California also have access to some of the best hospitals in the world, according to U.S. News & World Report’s Top-Ranked Hospitals for Gynecology.
To learn more about surrogacy in the state of California, click here.
The experts in Circle’s legal department have done it again, making it into the 2014 New England edition of Super Lawyers Magazine. Congrats to Scott Buckley, Bruce Hale, and Dean Hutchison on being honored as Rising Stars for their achievements in family law. Because of their hard work, numerous intended parents’ have fulfilled their dreams of starting a family. View the digital edition of the magazine here.
The legal department at Circle Surrogacy and Circle Egg Donation comprises all aspects of surrogacy law, including birth orders, second-parent adoptions, and surrogacy adoptions for our parents and surrogates for both U.S. and international clients.
If you are interested in starting a family through surrogacy and/or egg donation, but have questions about the legal aspects, download our free e-guide “Surrogacy and the Law.”
Circle Surrogacy and Stupid Cancer team up to educate cancer survivors about family-building through surrogacy and egg donation. The informal information session and group discussion will be led by Circle’s outreach coordinator, Jen Rachman, who is a cancer survivor and parent through the process. Attendees will receive an overview of the surrogacy process and have a chance to ask questions and share stories.
Please note that spaced is limited. Light refreshments and fare will be served.
If you’re an intended parent, surrogate, or egg donor, you may have likely heard about our recent shift from having program coordinators guide your journey to being assigned a program coordination team. So what’s this new team approach all about? Just that: A team of experts who can provide more support throughout your surrogacy.
With this new model, every intended parent will have not only a program coordinator, but also a more experienced program manager on their case. This system is designed to strengthen our program in many ways. First, we have hired additional staff to better manage the number of surrogacies at our agency. Second, there will now be two people familiar with each journey. Therefore, if either the program coordinator or program manager is away, there will be a back-up person available. Third, should Circle hire additional staff, the tiered approach allows new team members to train and help on cases with more direct supervision.
Have questions? Reach out to your PC team at any time for clarification. They’d be happy to schedule a Skype or phone call to go over any questions you may have. At this time, we are truly excited about the new team approach as well as the ability to offer intended parents back-up and support at all times.
For a full explanation of what the PC team does, read The Program Coordination Team.
To help ensure that a sibling surrogacy is as rewarding as your prior one(s), it’s important to manage expectations of the surrogacy process. Remember that no two surrogacies are the same. If you take anything away from this blog post, let it be that!
Want more insight? If so, here are five pointers we give intended parents who plan on returning for a sibling surrogacy.
1. Don’t become overconfident. The possibility of complications increases if parties become inattentive or refrain from reviewing key factors, such as insurance and legal issues. With that said, we encourage all of our intended parents to keep an open mind.
2. Accept that the outcome is out of your control (like it was the first time). Certain elements are out of our (and your) control. A surrogate may not respond to the medications, or a flight may be delayed. Remember, surrogacy is a human experience for everyone involved.
Circle is dedicated to informing intended parents and surrogates as much as possible about surrogacy, including the state laws addressing the practice.
Here we break down the legal framework on assisted reproduction in Massachusetts—our home state!
Massachusetts statutes don’t directly address surrogacy agreements. But a number of cases from the state’s highest court have treated surrogacy favorably. Finalizing Massachusetts surrogacy arrangements is typically done by pre-birth order, which allows the surrogate and intended parent complete all necessary paperwork before the birth even occurs. Some intended parents will require a post-birth second-parent or stepparent adoption. In either case, surrogates sign all necessary documents and generally won’t ever need to appear in court.
Massachusetts was the first state in the country to allow same-sex marriage and its track record on family building options for gay couples is equally positive. Gay couples can have both their names on a Massachusetts birth certificate—whether through a pre-birth order or an adoption.
Medical Coverage and Care
Massachusetts has some of the best hospitals in the world, including two of U.S. News & World Report’s Top-Ranked Hospitals for Gynecology. Massachusetts also mandates maternity coverage for insurance plans.
To learn even more about surrogacy in Massachusetts, click here.
The U.S. Supreme Court denied seven petitions for review of pro-marriage equality decisions from five states this morning. As a result, same-sex couples in Indiana, Oklahoma, Utah, Virginia, and Wisconsin should be able to marry soon. The addition of those five states brings the total of states that allow same-sex marriage to 24 and the District of Columbia.
The decision by the Supreme Court not to grant review of the petitions means decisions from the 4th, 7th, and 10th Circuit Courts of Appeals will go into effect. There is some analysis that suggests that other states in those districts will now be subject to the same rulings. That could bring marriage equality to the following states: Utah, Wyoming, Colorado, Kansas, and Oklahoma in the Tenth Circuit; Virginia, North Carolina, South Carolina, and West Virginia in the Fourth Circuit; and Wisconsin and Indiana, in the Seventh Circuit.
The story is still developing. We will continue to monitor it and update this page.
The latest version of a plan that would overhaul family law in Ireland no longer addresses surrogacy, according to the Irish Times. The original proposal was published earlier this year by the former Justice Minister, Alan Shatter, and had included provisions on surrogacy arrangements and children born through surrogacy.
The current Minister for Justice, Frances Fitzgerald, explained the change and noted the subject of surrogacy is being evaluated by the country’s Supreme Court in a decision expected next month. That decision will be the result of an appeal of an earlier High Court decision that allowed genetic parents to be registered on the birth certificates and recognized as the legal parents of their twins born through surrogacy.
Fitzgerald also noted that more consultation needed to be concluded before surrogacy legislation could proceed. Her predecessor, Alan Shatter, believes that removing the surrogacy provisions from the proposed legislation is a mistake.
While the legislative plan no longer includes surrogacy, it does allow same-sex civil partners and cohabiting couples who have been living together for at least three years to adopt a child. Same-sex marriage is currently not legal in Ireland.
Another provision of the proposal would ban the use of anonymous sperm or egg donation in Ireland and require clinics and hospitals to report the details of the donors to a national register. In the United Kingdom, all donors are identifiable and have been for the past nine years. Any child born from a donation that occurred after April 1, 2005, can request the name and last known address of the donor once he or she reaches the age of 18.
Circle Surrogacy last offered consultations and an information session to Irish intended parents in March of this year. During our time in Dublin, Circle’s Legal Director, Dean Hutchison, appeared on Irish national television to debate surrogacy. We also contributed a letter to the editor of the Irish Times.
We’ll continue to monitor developments on surrogacy and gamete donation in Ireland and post them on our blog.
To learn more about pursuing surrogacy in the United States, download our free information guide here.
Many intended parents who contact me to learn about the process of surrogacy are concerned about how they will explain their journey to their children later down the road. While I cannot speak in a professional manner to this question (I am not a licensed social worker or mental health provider), I thought it might be helpful to share my personal experience on the matter.
What has worked for my family, simply put, is transparency. We never felt like we needed to consult with a child psychologist or draft a detailed plan on how and when to inform them. Instead, we chose to make it a non-issue – meaning it was never kept a secret or hidden from our children. It was always part of their birth stories from day one, and photos of the joyous occasions can be found all around the house.
Our kids know how they came to be, and we continue to maintain close relationships with our gestational carriers, and I will forever be grateful for the opportunity to be a mom thanks to the unselfish acts of kindness bestowed upon us by our surrogates.
For those interested, there are several great children’s books on the subject of surrogacy, which many people find helpful when they are explaining their children’s birth stories:
- A Tiny Itsy Bitsy Gift of Life – An Egg Donor Story by Carmen Martinez Jovel
- Why I’m So Special – A Book About Surrogacy by Carla Lewis-Long
- Sacha, The Little Bright Shooting Star by Sofia Prezani